Submission to Special Committee on Electoral Reform:
Blais, A., & Aarts, K.(2006, July). Electoral Systems and
Turnout. Acta Politica, 41(2), 180-196. Broadbent Institute. (2015).
Canadian Electoral Reform: Public Opinion on Possible Alternatives. Montreal, Canada: Author.
Knutsen, C. (March 2011). Which Democracies Prosper? Electoral
Rules, Form of Government and Economic Growth. Electoral Studies, 30 (1), 83-90.
Lijphart, A. (2012). Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and
Performance in Thirty-Six Countries. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Richie, R. & Hill, S. (1996, Summer). The Case for Proportional
Representation. Retrieved from http://www.theworldtraveller.com
Studlar, D. (1999). Will Canada Seriously Consider Electoral
Reform? Women and Aboriginals should.
In H. Milner (Ed.), Making Every Vote Count: Reassessing Canadas Electoral System (table 10-1).
Peterborough, Canada: Broadview Press.
Electoral system principles as expressed by the Parliamentary Committee to Reform Canada’s electoral system:
First Principle: Canadians should believe that their intentions as voters are fairly translated into elections results, without (the) significant distortion that often characterizes elections conducted under the First-Past-The-Post system.
Second Principle: Canadians’ confidence needs to be restored in their ability to influence politics and in their belief that their vote is meaningful.
Third Principle: Reforms need to increase diversity in the House of Commons and politics more broadly.
Fourth Principle: The chosen reform can’t make the electoral system more complex.
Fifth Principle: Voting needs to be user-friendly and accessible.
Sixth Principle: Maintain the vital local connection an MP has with their constituents.
Seventh Principle: It needs to be secure and verifiable.
Eighth Principle: Canadians need to be inspired to find common ground and consensus.
The Broadbent Institute report on Canadian Electoral Reform lists five goals Canadians most value in an electoral system:
1. the ballot is simple and easy to understand;
2. the system produces stable and strong government;
3. the system allows you to directly elect MPs who represent your community;
4. the system ensures that the government has MPs from each region of the country; and
5. the system ensures that the number of seats [or Parliamentary Votes] held by a party in Parliament closely matches their actual level of support throughout the country. (Broadbent Institute, 2015, p.21)
If the 2015 federal election was held under the Single Member Party Proportional electoral system, in alphabetical order the results would be as follows:
Bloc Quebec: 4.7% of national vote = 15.8 H. of C. Votes or 1.5 votes per MP
Conservative: 31.9% of national vote = 107.8 H. of C. Votes or 1.1 votes per MP
Green: 3.5% of national vote = 11.8 H. of C. Votes or 11.8 votes per MP
Liberal: 39.5% of national vote = 133.5 H. of C. Votes or 0.72 votes per MP
New Democratic: 19.7% of national vote = 66.5 H. of C. Votes or 1.5 votes per MP.